- Austria/Bavaria, second half of the 18th century
- carved lime wood, polychrome mounting
- 20 and 18¼ in
This humorous pair of figures is characterized by the masterful execution in the manner of Jaques Callot.
The term “Callot figures” describes figures that, in addition to their realistic depiction, also show features of satire and grotesque exaggeration. The name itself refers directly to the famous draftsman and engraver Jaques Callot (1592/93 – Nancy – 1635) and his cycle “Varie figure gobbi” (Italian gobbo, “hunchback”) from 1616 which often served as a template or suggestion for dwarf figures.
Another example of these types of figures was the „Il Callotto resuscitato oder neu eingerichtes Zwerchen Cabinet”, baroque engravings, called „Callotto” for short, anonymous and undated (probably Austrian, beginning of the 18th century) with 50 plates. As early as 1716/20, an extended edition with an extra 26 plates of the „Callotto” was published in Amsterdam.
Grotesque figures, made in stone for gardens (e.g., Mirabell Palace in Salzburg), but also in paintings, sculptures or the arts and crafts enjoyed great popularity during the Baroque period.
The carver of these figures, probably under local influences, goes far beyond role models and designed a completely independent creation. The collector and author Helmut Nemec says the following about these figures: “His spirit [Jaques Callot] has even found in these works of an anonymous carver a new, powerful and quite independent form, and one could even say that these figures are among the best work, that the folk art of the eighteenth century produced.”
Lit. and pict. in: Helmut Nemec: Schätze der Volkskunst, Vienna 1976, p. 124–125.